India has historically been an agrarian economy, primarily dependent on southwest monsoon (popularly known as the Monsoon)
which contributes towards 75-80% of the annual rainfall over most parts of the country.
Though the country has recently made significant progress in other sectors of economy,
viz., the services sector and the manufacturing sector have made significant progress in the recent past,
the farm sector still contributes significantly in terms of national GDP; and is the largest employer in the country.
Since over half of the farmlands are rain-fed, Monsoon is critical to the food security of the country.
Any fluctuations in time and space distribution or quantity of the monsoon rains may lead to conditions of floods or droughts
causing the agricultural sector to adversely suffer. This has a cascading effect on the secondary economic sectors,
the overall economy, inflation and therefore the overall quality and cost of living for the general population in India.
Hence, taking the information on progress and forecast of the Monsoon to the farmers and other concerned departments well in advance
is of prime importance.
Two important factors have to be taken into consideration for the future, the first one is how to store water from Monsoon rains in lakes or dams
for future use instead of letting it drain away into rivers and the sea and the other is to plan for adaquate drainage so that towns and villages are not flooded
during the monsoon season,